By Mark Fainaru-Wada, Steve Fainaru
“PROFESSIONAL soccer avid gamers don't maintain widespread REPETITIVE BLOWS TO THE mind ON a typical BASIS.”
So concluded the nationwide soccer League in a December 2005 medical paper on concussions in America’s most well-liked game. That judgment, improbable even to an off-the-cuff fan, additionally contradicted the opinion of a becoming cadre of neuroscientists who labored in useless to persuade the NFL that it used to be dealing with a perilous new scourge: a prolonged mind ailment that used to be using an alarming variety of gamers -- together with a number of the all-time greats -- to madness.
League of Denial unearths how the NFL, over a interval of approximately 20 years, sought to hide up and deny mounting facts of the relationship among soccer and mind damage.
Comprehensively, and for the 1st time, award-winning ESPN investigative newshounds Mark Fainaru-Wada and Steve Fainaru inform the tale of a public future health quandary that emerged from the enjoying fields of our twenty first century hobby. everybody knew that soccer is violent and unsafe. yet what the avid gamers who outfitted the NFL right into a $10 billion didn’t recognize – and what the league sought to defend from them – is that no volume of padding might safeguard the human mind from the strength generated by means of glossy soccer; that the very essence of the sport should be exposing those gamers to mind damage.
In a fast paced narrative that strikes among the NFL trenches, America’s learn labs and the boardrooms the place the NFL went to struggle opposed to technology, League of Denial examines how the league used its energy and assets to assault autonomous scientists and bring up its personal unsuitable learn -- a crusade with echoes of massive Tobacco’s struggle to disclaim the relationship among smoking and lung melanoma. It chronicles the tragic fates of avid gamers like corridor of popularity Pittsburgh Steelers middle Mike Webster, who used to be so disturbed on the time of his demise he fantasized approximately capturing NFL executives; and previous Chargers nice Junior Seau, whose diseased mind turned the objective of an unseemly clinical conflict among researchers and the NFL. in keeping with unique interviews, formerly undisclosed records and personal emails, this can be the tale of what the NFL knew and while it knew it – questions on the middle of quandary that threatens soccer, from the top degrees down to Pop Warner.